Many industrial or commercial facilities are having to shut down as the COVID-19 outbreak brings a halt to operations. However, risks and the potential for losses remain, even when sites are idle or largely unoccupied.
“Short-term shutdowns are fast becoming the norm in many sectors, but companies still have to be vigilant about the risk environment,” says Nicolas Lochet, Regional Technical Manager, Allianz Risk Consulting at Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty’s. “The potential for losses resulting from fires or inadequate maintenance remains and such threats need to be effectively managed and mitigated."
Companies should make every effort to continue testing the fire protection and detection systems, as these can greatly reduce the impact of any event.
"Businesses should also pay particular attention to the condition of electrical equipment and installations, as around 20% to 30% of fires we see are related to these,” Lochet said. “Meanwhile, inadequate, or postponement of, maintenance of equipment during a shutdown can result in a loss occurring at the worst possible time for a business – when it is finally able to restart operations.“
AGCS risk consultants focus on four main areas of loss prevention measures in mitigating the risk of a fire occurring; safe storage of combustible materials and liquids; guidance for services and utilities; and building security and maintenance best practice. Highlights include:
Mitigating fire risk
AGCS analysis of insurance industry claims shows that fires accounts for almost a quarter of the value of all business insurance claims over a five-year period . Such incidents have caused in excess of $15 billion worth of insurance losses from over 9,500 claims (not including wildfire losses). The impact of such an incident can be exacerbated if premises are shutdown or largely unoccupied, as the response time may not be as quick.
Measures for businesses to consider include regularly inspecting and testing any existing automatic fire detection systems, sprinkler systems and fire pumps as well as other existing fire protection systems, such as fire extinguishing systems, fire extinguishers and fire doors, even if the challenges posed by coronavirus makes this difficult.
Safe storage of combustible materials
Businesses should also consider reducing the quantities of combustible materials, such as raw and finished goods, packaging, pallets, waste, dust and flammable liquids, located inside any shutdown buildings by as much as possible, and ensure safe separation distances (1.5 meter or 5 foot minimum) are maintained between all electrical equipment and any materials which remain. In addition, all combustible and flammable liquids should be placed in appropriate storage areas (for example, cut-off rooms, safety cabinets) if possible.
Services and utilities
Businesses should consider shutting down all hazardous process equipment and utilities, including nonessential flammable liquid and gas mains. If operationally possible, they should also look at shutting down electricity for the premises, except where needed for fire alarms, fire protection systems and security systems. Consider isolating services at the mains and drain all water systems, except water for fire sprinklers and pumps.
Building security and maintenance
ARC engineers note businesses should consider ensuring quality deadlocks are fitted on all entry/exit doors and checking that all windows are secured if premises are shutdown or unoccupied. Entry points should also be locked and secured to prevent unauthorized vehicles from entering the site. All security systems should also be checked and maintained and shutting down all non-essential electrical should be shut considered. If possible, businesses should keep only the minimum level of internal and external lighting where appropriate for inspection, security patrols and access purposes. Any breach in building or perimeter security should be immediately repaired. If possible, companies should arrange for a manned 24/7 guarding presence at the site or overnight patrols. Any patrols should be at random intervals and times to ensure any pattern is not observed.
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